University of Khartoum

الخصائص النفسيّة للأيتام وعلاقتها ببعض المتغيرات: دراسة مقارنة بين الأيتام معلومي الوالدين و مجهولي الوالدين في ولاية الخرطوم

الخصائص النفسيّة للأيتام وعلاقتها ببعض المتغيرات: دراسة مقارنة بين الأيتام معلومي الوالدين و مجهولي الوالدين في ولاية الخرطوم

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Title: الخصائص النفسيّة للأيتام وعلاقتها ببعض المتغيرات: دراسة مقارنة بين الأيتام معلومي الوالدين و مجهولي الوالدين في ولاية الخرطوم
Author: ., عبد الرحمن أحمد طه
Abstract: This research aimed at identifying psychological traits (psychological adjustment, self-concept, and mental ability (IQ) for paternal orphans(PO) and illegitimate orphans (IO) in the adolescence and mature stages based on the variables of gender, and period of parental deprivation. The descriptive approach was used as a methodology for the research, which consisted of purposive selected sample of (N=201) (PO) who live with their families, and (N=83) of (IO) who live in the youth homes of the SOS, their ages were between 15-45 years. In order to measure the psychological traits of (PO) & (IO) groups, the research used The Adjustment Inventory (Hugh. M. Bell. 1934) , The Tennessee Department Of Mental Health Self-Concept Scale , Raven ,J.C, Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) which had been sudanized by (AlKhatieb.et al.2001) which completed by the two groups, and SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) and its equations had been used as tools for statistical analysis. Although the study found that there were statistically significant reduction in psychological adjustment scores and its dimensions (t1=35.5;t2=26.5,P<0.05) among both groups, it found a significantly differences in the same trait for (PO) group (t=4.21,P<0.05) when groups were compared .According to gender, found that there were significantly differences in psychological adjustment and dimensions (t=2.99,P<0.05) for (PO)’s males, and (t=3.24,P<0.05) for (PO)’s females. For Paternal deprivation variable, there was a significant association with the psychological adjustment (the social dimension) only (P<0.05) in the (PO), while there was a significant association with (psychological adjustment as whole & home dimension) (P<0.05), and health dimension (P<0.05) in the (IO). The research also found that there were a significant association between the education level and the psychological adjustment and dimensions (P<0.05) in the (IO) only. The self-concept for both groups was significantly high (t1=29.7,P<0.05;t2=4.73,P<0.05),and it there was a significant difference in the same trait for (PO) group (t=9.35,P<0.05) when groups were compared. According to gender, that there were significant differences in self-concept and its dimensions (t=6.48, P<0.05) for (PO)’s males, and (t=3.24,P<0.05) for (PO)’s females .For Paternal deprivation variable ,it there was a significant association with the self-concept (total, social, personal, and body) (P<0.05) in (PO), while there were a significantly association with self-concept (total, ethical, personal, body) (P<0.05) ,and (family ) (P<0.05) in (IO) group. The research also found that there was a significant association between the education level and the self-concept (total, ethical, social, family) (P<0.05) in the (PO) group only. For finding the differences between (PO) and (IO) groups in the mental ability(IQ), the research found significant differences (t=4.78,P<0.05) for the (PO) group and for the (PO)’s males (t=5.21,P<0.05). The relation of (IQ) with parental deprivation resulted in a significant association (P<0.05), while the association of the same trait with the educational level showed significant association (P<0.05) in (IO) group only. The research recommends a holistic approach to improve general health, provide psychological counseling, and raise self-concept among both types as they grow older with special emphasis on illegitimate orphans.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27436


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