University of Khartoum

خصائص وسمات فخار الفترة الاسلامية في السودان .دراسة حالة: سنار – سواكن – ودنميري

خصائص وسمات فخار الفترة الاسلامية في السودان .دراسة حالة: سنار – سواكن – ودنميري

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Title: خصائص وسمات فخار الفترة الاسلامية في السودان .دراسة حالة: سنار – سواكن – ودنميري
Author: ., هناء عبد الجبار ابراهيم آدم
Abstract: The study deals with the pottery of the Islamic period (post medieval) in the Sudan found at the sites of Sennar, Suakin and Wad Nemery. The study aimed at identityingthe characteristics and diagnostic features of the Islamic pottery, And illustrating its characteristics and the contemporary trading relations between the Sudan and its neighboring countries. The study adopted several interrelated methodologies; descriptive, analytical, comparative, sample for the study were collected through the archeological survey of the sites refred to, and as well as laboratory and chemical analysis. The study reached several conclusions, the most important of these results that the class of potter makers was not as socially respected as they had been Aduring former historical and cultural periods in the Sudan. Perhaps this may have been because, the troubled political condition at the time which had an effect on its manufacturing and quality, this was so in spite of the continuity in the decorative patterns typical to the preceding periods and the Islamic period. That trade and pilgrimage routes played an important role during that period as shown by the existence of some imported of body sherds pottery and glaze. Among other conclusions is that the pottery found at the aforementioned sites was characterized by simple architectural decorations such as straight and crossed lines. Also the pottery of the period shows decorative pattern similar to that of south and West Africa. Chemical and petro graphic analysis has confirmed the indigenous type of clay used in the pottery manufacturing, which was characterized by its impurities. The study recommends the need for further studies of pottery found at sites the Islamic period in the Sudan, and establishing a historical and chronological sequence, it also recommends that future studies should concentrate on the scientific and analytic aspects of the study of pottery in its components and technologies.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27437


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