University of Khartoum

Factor Contributing To Protein Energy Malnutrition Among Under Than Five Years in Sinnar Pediatric Teaching Hospital -2009.

Factor Contributing To Protein Energy Malnutrition Among Under Than Five Years in Sinnar Pediatric Teaching Hospital -2009.

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Title: Factor Contributing To Protein Energy Malnutrition Among Under Than Five Years in Sinnar Pediatric Teaching Hospital -2009.
Author: Ahmed, Ihsan Mahmmoud Mohamed
Abstract: Background: Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a fatal body-depletion disorder. It occurs when the body lacks the calories it needs from protein, carbohydrates and fats. It is a leading cause of child death in developing countries. There are three forms of protein energy malnutrition that include Marasmus, Kwashiorkor and Marasmic-kwashiorkor. According to WHO reports, 149.6 million children under 5 years of age (26.7%) of the world's children of this age group were malnourished in terms of weight - for – age. Geographically, over two thirds of them (72%) live in Asia, while 25% in Africa and 2.3% in Latin America. Material and Method: The study adopted the descriptive cross-sectional hospital based methodology .This was conducted in Sinnar Pediatric Teaching Hospital, from 15Marchto 15May2009. The objective of the research was to study factors contributing to protein energy malnutrition among children under five years the study covered 269 of these children, of whom 39 suffered from (PEM). The research used the methodology of pre- prepared questionnaire, anthropometric measure (weight for age). Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS), the association between different variables was checked by using Chi- Square test. P. value ≤ 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The total proportion of protein energy malnutrition among children under 5 years was (14.5%). PEM was found in (17.9%) of males and (12.1%) of females, but no significant difference was revealed (P = 0.1). PEM was significantly higher among children in age of 11-23 months (32.1%), (P = 0.001) as well as it was found significantly affected by monthly per capita income (P < 0.05). The study also showed that, PEM was found significantly associated with diarrheal disease, malaria and respiratory infections (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Protein energy malnutrition is high among children of uneducated mothers, children with diarrheal diseases, malaria and respiratory Infections as well as it was significantly affected by family income. There is a need for health education among family members, and heath care authorities required to improve control of diseases associated with protein energy malnutrition.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27449


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