University of Khartoum

Gedaref District study area: final report

Gedaref District study area: final report

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Title: Gedaref District study area: final report
Author: El Tayeb, Galal El Din; Lewandowski, Anne; Institute of Environmental Studies
Abstract: The resource management component of Environmental Training and Management in Africa (ETMA) programme started in 1981, aimed at the study and identification of the degradational trends of the ecosystems of eight study area of which study the Gedaref District is a significant one. The report fell into three parts, the first part is based primarily on Part two (Monitoring report). The selection of monitoring sites was based on type of management; ordinary state scheme, experimental state scheme, guided scheme, private schemes and a foreign Canadian scheme. Emphasis were made on productivity and sort of changes. Rural and urban settlements constituted the second group of monitoring site. Four villages and a transect were selected to see changes that have occurred in aspects like rural land use patterns, economy and population. The study of the major urban centre, Gedarif, covered areas like historical evolution, morphology, land use, economy, population, urban services (medical, educational, etc) together with urban problems (crime and fire).Of the physical aspects, soils have been analysed to determine their suitability for crop production. Analysis of water was confined to its availability in mechanized scheme workers and for urban population.The section on livestock, grazing and nomads dealt with the vegetation cover, movement of pastoral nomads, and the relationship between the available forage and the feed requirements of livestock to determine the degree of overstocking and hence the degree of overgrazing. The last section shed some light on the urban and rural refugees and their contribution to environmental degradation, especially deforestation and urban crime. Secondary sources is divided into two sections (1)base line data (2)trend analysis. Justifications for the selection of the Gedaref District and the base year are stated. Indicators used to identify and monitor environmental change are summarized. Description of the physical environment (climate, geology, soils, vegetation etc..) and human population dynamic (modes of livelihoods and land use) were stated. A study conducted in 1948 was used as a base to study changes which have occurred since then. The second section of part one focussed on the identification of trends which have developed between 1950 and 1980. Of all climatic aspects, only rainfall was significant and critical for all forms of life.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/200
http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27509
Date: 1985-09


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