University of Khartoum

Vitamin A Deficiency Among Basic Schools Pupils at Al-Rosaries locality - Blue Nile State-Sudan

Vitamin A Deficiency Among Basic Schools Pupils at Al-Rosaries locality - Blue Nile State-Sudan

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Title: Vitamin A Deficiency Among Basic Schools Pupils at Al-Rosaries locality - Blue Nile State-Sudan
Author: Awadelkareem, Mohamed Hashim Seed Ahmed
Abstract: Background: Vitamin A deficiency is a nutritional deficiency that can be caused by insufficient intake of vitamin A food sources or by vitamin absorption, transport, or metabolism problems. Vitamin A deficiency affects about one third of children living mainly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. The objective of this study is to study the vitamin A deficiency among basic schools’ pupils at Al-Rosaries locality at Blue Nile state. Methodology: This is a descriptive cross sectional school based study. The study population was basic schools’ pupils between the fourth and eighth class both boys and girls, four schools (two boy’s schools and two girls’ schools) were selected, and from these schools 384 pupils were selected using statistical formula and were allocated using multistage sampling and simple random sampling. For night blindness, pupils were asked questions about their vision ability during dim light. Bitot’s spots assessment done by shedding the hand light on the eye for a short period of time to see any white spots on the conjunctiva. Designed questionnaires obtained data regarding risk factors of vitamin A deficiency and included questions regarding demographic, dietary, and infections risk factors. Weight and height were measured by weight and height scales. Results: The study found that the prevalence of Night blindness and Bitot’s spots was (1%) and (0.5%) respectively. (75.52%) of pupils were underweight. (45.05%) of pupils had midsize family. In the past 24 hours (78.1%) and (48.4%) respectively of the pupils did not eat organ meats eggs or dairy products. In the past 2 weeks (29.43%) of the pupils had fever with statistically insignificant association with vitamin A deficiency (p=0.078). (11.98%) of pupils had diarrhea with statistically insignificant association (p=0.401), (32.55%) of pupils had persistent cough, (15.89%) of pupils had urinary tract infection with statistically significant association to vitamin A deficiency cases (p=0.014). (9.64%) of pupils had ear infection with statistically significant association to vitamin A deficiency cases (p = 0.003). Conclusion: The study concluded that Vitamin A Deficiency among basic schools’ pupils at Al-Rosaries locality at Blue Nile state is not considered to be a severe public health problem. The study recommends improvement of nutritional education in schools and achieving full coverage of vitamin A supplementation.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27652


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