University of Khartoum

Neurological Manifestations of Maxillofacial Trauma

Neurological Manifestations of Maxillofacial Trauma

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Title: Neurological Manifestations of Maxillofacial Trauma
Author: Taha, Sara; Eltohami, Yousif Idris
Abstract: Objectives: The current study aimed to determine the frequency of neurological manifestations associated with maxillofacial trauma, such as loss of consciousness, post-traumatic amnesia and other symptoms of closed-head injury. Methodology: A retrospective chart review of 75 patients with maxillofacial trauma was conducted. Data was collected on the cause and site of trauma, GCS score, loss of consciousness, post-traumatic amnesia and other symptoms of closed-head injury. Results: Loss of consciousness was reported in 38.7% of patients, the duration of loss of consciousness ranged from less than 30 minutes to over 6 hours. Anterograde amnesia was found in 1.3% of patients. Retrograde amnesia was reported in 18.7% of patients. The duration of retrograde amnesia ranged from 15 minutes to several days, with a mean duration of 15 hours. Headache was reported in 18.7% of patients, dizziness was reported in 14.7% of patients, blurred vision was reported in 8% of patients and nausea and vomiting was experienced by 2.7% of patients following injury. Conclusion: Neurological manifestations are commonly associated with maxillofacial trauma and it is necessary to investigate their presence in patients presenting with maxillofacial trauma in order to initiate proper management and to avoid further complications.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27677


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