University of Khartoum

Application of the recombinant Theileria asurface protein in an indirect ELISA for the diagnosis of tropical theileriosis

Application of the recombinant Theileria asurface protein in an indirect ELISA for the diagnosis of tropical theileriosis

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Title: Application of the recombinant Theileria asurface protein in an indirect ELISA for the diagnosis of tropical theileriosis
Author: Bakheit, M. A.; Schnittger, L.; Salih, D. A.; Boguslawski, K.
Abstract: The recombinant surface protein of Theileria annulata (TaSP) was used in the standardization and validation of an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of circulating antibodies against tropical theileriosis. ELISA data were expressed as the percentage positivity (PP) of the reactivity of an internal positive control. A total of 50 sera samples from a disease-free area were used for the calculation of the cut-off value which served as a threshold between the positive and the negative sera samples. This was determined as the mean PP plus two standard deviations or the twice the mean PP of the results obtained with these negative samples. The obtained thresholds were 17.8% and 18.3%, respectively. Accordingly, the reactivity of 140 field sera samples collected at random from an area known to be endemic for tropical theileriosis in Sudan was determined as PP values which were then compared to the results obtained using the indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT) from the same samples. Both tests showed a high degree of correlation. The TaSP-ELISA had a sensitivity of 99.1% and specificity of 90.47% when taking the IFAT as a reference test. Our test has proved its suitability for the diagnosis of tropical theileriosis and could be used in serological surveys to map out the prevalence of the disease or to monitor vaccination efficiencies in disease-free populations
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27834


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