University of Khartoum

Socio-ecological systems analysis of prevention and control of Dengue in two Districts of Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania

Socio-ecological systems analysis of prevention and control of Dengue in two Districts of Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania

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Title: Socio-ecological systems analysis of prevention and control of Dengue in two Districts of Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania
Author: MBOERA, LEONARD E.G.; SINDATO, CALVIN; MREMI, IRENE R.; GEORGE, JANETH; NGOLONGOLO, RENFRID; RUMISHA, SUSAN F.; MISINZO, GERALD; KARIMURIBO, ESRON D.; RWEYEMAMU, MARK M.; HAIDER, NAJMUL; Abdel Hamid, Muzamil Mahdi; KOCK, RICHARD; ID-NET, FOR PANDORA
Abstract: Background: Since 2010, Tanzania has been experiencing frequent outbreaks of Dengue. The objective of this study was to carry out a socio-ecological systems analysis and assess the readiness in Dengue prevention and control in Kinondoni and Ilala districts of Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. Methods: Twenty-seven key district officials responsible for human and animal health were involved in a socio-ecological systems framework analysis as regards to Dengue. In addition, the readiness of the districts to respond to Dengue outbreaks and the performance of the disease surveillance system were assessed. Results: The two districts were characterized by both urban and peri-urban ecosystems, with a mixture of planned and unplanned settlements. None of the two districts reported readiness in the management and control of Dengue outbreaks, in terms of clinical competence, diagnostic capacities, surveillance system and control/prevention measures. Mosquito breeding sites especially discarded automobile tyres were reported to be scattered in the districts. Constraining factors in implementing disease surveillance included lack of guidelines, difficult language used in Standard Case Definitions, lack of appropriate rapid response teams, inadequate knowledge on outbreak investigation and data management among healthcare workers as well as inadequate laboratory capacity. Conclusion: The two districts had limited readiness in the management and control of Dengue, in terms of clinical competence, diagnostic capacities, surveillance system and prevention measures. It is important that the challenges are urgently addressed.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/27929


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