University of Khartoum

Causes of Condemnations of Sheep Carcasses in Abattoirs at Khartoum

Causes of Condemnations of Sheep Carcasses in Abattoirs at Khartoum

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Title: Causes of Condemnations of Sheep Carcasses in Abattoirs at Khartoum
Author: حسن, كمال الدين
Abstract: Sheep, either live or slaughtered, are the most important among Sudan’s animal exports – a major source of foreign currency. Accordingly, diseases that cause rejection of live sheep at veterinary quarantines and in importing countries, as well as pathological conditions causing condemnation of sheep meat, should receive more attention by veterinarians; not only because of their economic importance, but also because of the potential hazards to human health, especially through meat consumption and handling. The present investigation reviewed the causes of sheep carcass condemnations as well as the condemnation of red offals and some green offals of sheep slaughtered for export. The study analysed records from two major abattoirs in Khartoum State of Sudan covering the period Jan – Dec 2011. Whole carcass condemnation during this period was 0.1% of the total sheep slaughtered for export. Main causes of carcass condemnations were jaundice, (64.8 %) and hydatid cysts (20 %). Other causes (15.2 %) included abscesses, emaciation, and adhesions. Total condemnation of offals (liver, kidney, heart, lung and spleen) was high (12.8 %), with liver constituting the major condemned part (83 %) followed by the lungs (12.4 %), the heart (4.0 %), kidneys (0.4 %) and the spleen (0.2 %). Major pathological changes in the condemned livers were necrosis, calcification, hydatid cysts, adhesions, fascioliasis, abscesses, jaundice, colour changes and fatty degeneration. Although the described pathological conditions were not further investigated in relation to the diseases they can represent, they point to a high prevalence of parasitic diseases in slaughtered animals. Although the described conditions were not related to areas of animal breeding in the country, they more or less reflect the diseases of sheep in the western part of the country, especially Kurdofan region, where most of export sheep are raised. It is highly recommended that the diseases manifesting as jaundice, in addition to other liver diseases in sheep are investigated.
Description: This paper had been presented for promotion at the university of Khartoum. To get the full text please contact the other at karm@uofk.edu
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/6253
Date: 2011


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