University of Khartoum

Alteration of Seedstalk Development, Seed Yield, and Seed Quality in Carrot by Varying Temperature during Seed Growth and Development

Alteration of Seedstalk Development, Seed Yield, and Seed Quality in Carrot by Varying Temperature during Seed Growth and Development

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Title: Alteration of Seedstalk Development, Seed Yield, and Seed Quality in Carrot by Varying Temperature during Seed Growth and Development
Author: Mohamed Ali El Balla, Mustafa
Abstract: The effect of temperature on seedstalk development, seed yield and quality in carrot (Daucus carota L.) was investigated in growth chambers at constant day/night temperatures of 33128,28123,25120,23/18,20115, and 17112 QC. Days to flowering, seedstalk height, number of umbels, and seed yield decreased linearly with increasing temperature from 17/12 to 33/28 QC. Continuous high temperature (33/28 QC) had a detrimental effect on germination as measured by a standard germination test and an accelerated aging test. Optimum germination of the progeny occurred at 20/15 QC; however, germination rate was faster when seeds matured at 23/18 QC. Seeds that developed at 33/28 QC produced seedlings with the lowest vigor, while those which developed at 20/15 QC produced seedlings with the highest vigor. Brief exposure of plants to 33/28 QC during anthesis or early seed development was as detrimental to seed yield as continuous exposure to 33/28 QC. Exposure to high temperature (33128 QC) during late seed development had less effect on seed yield, and seed quality was improved. Progeny vigor was reduced greatly by seed development at continuous high temperature (33/28 QC), but was unaffected by brief exposure to 33/28 QC at anthesis, early, or late in seed development. These results suggest that high (33/28 QC) day/night temperatures during pollination, fertilization, or early stages of seed development can greatly reduce carrot seed yield and seed quality.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/6557
Date: 1996


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