University of Khartoum

ENERGY CONSUMPTION, DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY IN SUDAN

ENERGY CONSUMPTION, DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY IN SUDAN

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Title: ENERGY CONSUMPTION, DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY IN SUDAN
Author: Mustafa Omer, Abdeen
Abstract: The move towards a de-carbonised worl d, driven partly by climate science and partly by the business opportunities it offers, will need t he promotion of environmentally friendly alternatives, if an acceptable stab ilisation level of atmospheric carbon dioxide is to be ac hieved. This requires the harnessing and use of natural resources that produce no air pollution or greenhouse gases and provides comfortable c oexistence of hum an, livestock, and plants. This study reviews the energy -using technologies based on natural resources, which are available to and applicable in the farming industry. Among these are greenhouses, which are nec essary for the growth of some plants (i.e., vegetables, flowers, etc.) in severe climates. Globally, buildings are responsible for approximately 40% of the total world annual energy consumption. Most of this energy is for the provis ion of lighting, heating, cooling, and air conditioning. Increas ing awareness of the environmental impact of CO 2 and NO x emissions and CFCs trigger ed a renewed interest in environmentally friendly cooling, and heating technologies. Under the 1997 Montreal Protocol, gov ernments agreed to phase out chemicals used as refrigerants that have the potential to destroy stratospheric ozone. It was therefore considered desir able to reduce energy consumption and decrease the rate of depletion of world ener gy reserves and pollution of the environment.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/6588
Date: 2006-09


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