University of Khartoum

Food Security: Environmental view

Food Security: Environmental view

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Title: Food Security: Environmental view
Author: ElZubeir, Zeinab
Abstract: The paper examines the differences between an emergency relief operation and food security planning with a long term perspective which typically follows afterwards. It argues that the approach usually aimed for in long term food security planning is almost the exact opposite of the approach adopted in emergency relief planning, and that institutional responsibilities are very different between the two. The different approaches can make for an uneasy transition to the long term food security planning mode when the emergency has ended. Certain institutional biases like the shift in responsibility away from local to international institutions during the emergency can further hinder the transition. A model is developed for developing countries facing conditions of chronic and acute food insecurity, where resources are limited, and where there is major donor involvement in relief and food security activities. This is the case in many countries in the Sahel and Horn of Africa. The model is applied to Darfur region in Western Sudan where an emergency relief operation was launched in response to famine in the mid 1980s followed by a period of longer term food security planning. However, two years after the emergency ended another relief operation was launched, the Western Relief Operation (WRO), although this time not in emergency conditions. However, the WRO ran into a number of serious problems with the result that very small quantities of relief were distributed far behind schedule. These problems are analysed. Finally, a number of recommendations are made as to how to ease the transition in practice. (1,3)
Description: This paper had been presented for promtion at the university of khartoum to get the full text please contact the other Dr.z.zeinab@hotmail.com
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/6654
Date: 2007


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