University of Khartoum

Environmental Noise in Omdurman ,Smoking and Age are combined Risk Factors for Hearing Impairment

Environmental Noise in Omdurman ,Smoking and Age are combined Risk Factors for Hearing Impairment

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dc.contributor.author ElZubeir, Zeinab
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-10T07:41:24Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-10T07:41:24Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/6659
dc.description This paper had been presented for promtion at the university of khartoum to get the full text please contact the other Dr.z.zeinab@hotmail.com en_US
dc.description.abstract Effect of Smoking and environmental noise on hearing impairment investigated in 440 youth and middle age people (21-50 years old) living in Omdurman . Participants were divided into 4 groups , non smokers and Smokers in noisy area between 70-90 d B & nonsmokers and smokers Living in quiet area,45-55 dB ,Smoking was associated with hearing loss at 8ooo Hz., in both bivariate and multivariate analysis .An additive interaction at high frequencies mostly at 8000 Hz between smoking and noise appeared after age 40 years .At age 21-39 years old ,neither smoking nor environmental noise had a significant adverse effect on hearing capacity at low frequencies en_US
dc.publisher university of khartoum en_US
dc.subject Environmental Noise in Omdurman ,Smoking and Age are combined Risk Factors for Hearing Impairment en_US
dc.title Environmental Noise in Omdurman ,Smoking and Age are combined Risk Factors for Hearing Impairment en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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