The Use of Ziziphus spina-christi (L) Willd. as a Component of Integrated Farming System in Wadi Hadhramout
The Use of Ziziphus spina-christi (L) Willd. as a Component of Integrated Farming System in Wadi Hadhramout Tributaries, Yemen
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University of Khartoum
Ziziphus spina-christi is one of the most important tree species in the forest community of Wadi Hadhramout and its tributaries and an important component in the integrated land use system. The objective of the present study was to assess the benefits provided by Z.spina-christi to the local people in Wadi Shohouh and Wadi Dammoun (tributaries of Wadi Hadhramout) that encourage farmers to select it, protect its natural regeneration and maintain it as a component of their farming system. The study was also concerned with the evaluation and documentation of the management practices and the sustainable maintenance of Z. spina-christi as adopted by the farmers, based on indigenous knowledge. Its occurrence and distribution and the associated tree species in the natural structure and in relation to agricultural practices in Wadi Hadhramout were surveyed using systematically distributed sample plots along equidistant lines. The frequency of tree species as from Wadi top to down stream was measured at different land use practices. Farmers’ perception towards Z. spina-christi was assessed using a questionnaire. Farmers prefer the species and maintain its existence in their farming system while they clear other species.
Ziziphus spina,Farming System,Wadi Hadhramout Tributaries,