University of Khartoum

Assessment of Ground Water Quality in Omdurman City

Assessment of Ground Water Quality in Omdurman City

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Bashir Mohammed Elhassan en_US
dc.contributor.author Elhadi, Mazahir
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-25T08:19:14Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-25T08:19:14Z
dc.date.issued 2015-03-25
dc.date.submitted 2007
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/7463
dc.description 111 Pages
dc.description.abstract Over much of omdurman area groundwater represents the main source for the domestic water supply as well as for the limited agricultural and industrial activities. This study was conducted in Omdurman city, which include, Omdurman, Karrari and Ombada localties, during the period from Augest 2006 to March 2007. 15 Boreholes were selected in the study area. These are distributed according to localities. The target samples were distributed in Omdurman, Karrari and Ombada localties, and were collected from Boreholes, Storage facilities, houses and Vendors, which are feeding the houses not connected to the network, samples were taken for laboratory analysis, which included chemical, physical and bacteriological examinations. The results of the study showed that, the majority of boreholes in study area were safe regarding chemical quality aspects. This included (F- NO2- NO3- CL – pH - TDS);the concentration of these parameters were within the allowable limits set by (WHO) and (SSMO).The samples taken from Elshab factory boreholes recorded high level of chlorides 7250mg/l, exceeding the maximum permissible level of 250mg/l, and TDS values, equaling 1023mg/l, were also more than the maximum permissible level of 1000mg/l in drinking water. Assessment of Groundwater Quality in Omdurman City 12 The results of physical quality of water samples, taken from the study area, were acceptable. The bacteriological analysis of the water samples taken from the boreholes in the study area recorded higher level of thermotolerant and Ecoli, (46%) were more than the permissible levels set by (WHO) and (SSMO) standards. The results of samples taken from the Storage facilities showed that (66.7%) of these facilities were safe (not polluted). As for the Bacteriological quality of water samples taken from Houses, samples were found to be polluted by Ecoli and thermotolerant coliforms. It was observed that the contamination rate of water in houses which are not connected to the net work was (62.3%) higher in comparison with those directly connected to the net work. This demonstrates the importance of distribution system in alimentally the contamination rate. This study comes out with many suggested recommendations, the important of which are that the pollution sources should be sited away from boreholes, Septic tank and latrines should be of proper designs to eliminate infiltration to boreholes through soil layers. Also disinfection of wells is important. On the other hand legislative acts and regulation for well drilling and proper disposal of effluent is of high importance. Assessment of Groundwater Quality in Omdurman City 13 • Health education and awareness to consumers should be provided regarding protecting and conservation of water in houses. • Connect all houses in the study area to the public net work of drinking water. • Encourage research in groundwater quality in order to protect, monitor and control pollution. • Establish ground water conservation programme. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Khartoum en_US
dc.subject Ground Water,Omdurman City;Justification;water;Water pollution;Water distribution;area en_US
dc.title Assessment of Ground Water Quality in Omdurman City en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.Degree M.Sc en_US
dc.Faculty Public and Environmental Health en_US
dc.contributor.faculty Environmental Health en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Share

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account