University of Khartoum

Jaw Cyst in Patients Attending Khartoum Teaching Dental Hospital

Jaw Cyst in Patients Attending Khartoum Teaching Dental Hospital

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Title: Jaw Cyst in Patients Attending Khartoum Teaching Dental Hospital
Author: Ali Alzamzami, Ali
Abstract: This study carried out at Khartoum Teaching Dental hospital in the period from October., 2003 to December 2004. The aims of this study were to study the incidence and presentation of Jaw cysts among Sudanese patient who attending to K.T.D.H. , the common types of Jaw cysts , defined the common sites of cyst of that Jaws and assess the Jaw cysts in relation to age and gender. Seventy patients with cystic lesions of the jaws were diagnosed depending on chief complain, clinical examination, aspiration and radiographic examination (periapical view, occlusal view, and O.P.G view). Forty two of them (60%) were males, and 28 (40%) were females. Patients age range between 6 to 65 years. The mean age was 35.5 and the peak age of incidence was between2nd and 3rd decades. Fifty cases (70%) were complaining of painless swelling, 13 (18.6%) complaining of mild toothache associated with swelling, and 7 cases (10%) complaining of painless swelling with discharge. Forty six (65.71%) were odontogenic cysts, 21 (30%) nonodontogenic cysts, and 3 (4.29%) were pesudocysts. Odontogenic cysts, 19(27.14%) were dentigerous cysts, 18(25.17%) radicular cysts, and 9 (12.85%) keratocysts. Non-odontogenic cysts, 13 (18.57%) were nasoplatine cysts, 4(5.71%) medianpalatine cysts, 3(4.29%) nasolabial cysts, one case (1.43%) was globulo-maxillary cysts. Pseudocysts, 2 (2.86) were aneurysmal bone cysts and the last one was traumatic bone cyst and represent (1.43%). According to types of jaw cysts, the result shows that the dentigerous cysts were the common types of jaw cysts (27.14%) followed by radicular cysts (25.7%), nasoplatine cysts (18.57%), keratocysts (12.86%), median palatine cysts ( 5.71%) nasolabial cysts (4.29%), aneurysmal bone cysts (2.86%), globulo-maxillary cysts (1.43%) and traumatic cysts (1.43%). According to the common cysts of the jaw cysts the study showed that the common sites of dentigerous cysts were mandbular third molars, followed by canines and maxillary third molars . The commons sites of keratocysts were the posterior region of the mandible between the premolars teeth and ramus. The common sites of radicular cysts were the anterior region of the maxilla followed by posterior region of the maxilla, posterior region of the mandible and anterior region of the mandible. All fissural cysts were located in the anterior region of the maxilla but sometime extended to premolars region. The common sites of pseudocysts were posterior region of the mandible between the premolars and anterior border of the ramus. Finally the study was found to be comparable to international studies , males were affected more than females, and the mean age of patients was 35.5 years.
Description: 72page
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/7765
Date: 2015-03-30


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