University of Khartoum

Assessment Of Nutritional Status In Children Under 5 Years In 5 Years In Elengaz Area In Hantoub Locality

Assessment Of Nutritional Status In Children Under 5 Years In 5 Years In Elengaz Area In Hantoub Locality

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Title: Assessment Of Nutritional Status In Children Under 5 Years In 5 Years In Elengaz Area In Hantoub Locality
Author: Nazik Omer Abdel Gani
Abstract: Nutrition in children under 5 years is a major problem in developing countries as it is the commonest cause of child mortality and morbidity. The aims of this study were to assess the nutritional status using anthropometric measurements and to define certain socio-demographic factors which were associated with the nutritional status in low income sectors of the community.To fulfill these aims, a cross sectional survey was carried out on 379 children, age zero to 59 months in Elengaz Area in Hantoub locality. Age was determined from mothers and weight and height were measured using standard techniques. Data on weight and height were expressed in Z-scores and compared to international NCHS standards. According to WHO criteria and suggestion proposed by Water low 31.3% were normal, 19% were wasted, 49.7% were stunted and 10.2% were both wasted and stunted. The wasting was positively related to the number of fetuses (P= 0.003) and birth weight (P= 0.020). the stunning was positively related to birth weight (P= 0.000), succeeding birth interval (P = 0.000), duration of breast feeding (P = 0.004) and infection with malaria (P = 0.03). It is recommended that effort should be made to improve the socio-economic status of such population. Also more effort should be designated through primary health programme especially the nutritional programme.
Description: 114 Pages
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/7988
Date: 2015-04-01


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