University of Khartoum

Feeding Value of Fermented Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) Seeds With Carbohydrate Mixtures in Broiler Diets

Feeding Value of Fermented Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) Seeds With Carbohydrate Mixtures in Broiler Diets

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Title: Feeding Value of Fermented Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) Seeds With Carbohydrate Mixtures in Broiler Diets
Author: Hamad, Najla Osman Mohammed
Abstract: This experiment was carried out of study the chemical composition and feeding value of fermenting combined to mixture of pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan) seeds with (sorghum grain or sugar). Five mixing ratios of sorghum grains (20, 40, 60 and 80%) with one another mixing ratio (25%) of normal sugar were added to the substrates of pigeon peas seeds. The combined mixtures were soaked thoroughly in water and subjected to natural fermentation process until all of them were completely fermented. The fermented products were sun dried and then some samples were taken for tannin analysis and proximate tannin determination chemical analytical. On the basis of the chemical composition, the fermented products were used to formulate six dietary treatments where the total protein provided by the composition commercial super-concentrate of the broiler diets was replaced in each dietary treatment by protein of one of the fermented products. A feeding trial through six week duration was conducted using 144 unsexed day old broiler chicks in an open–side deep litter poultry house. Using complete randomized design, the formulated six dieting treatment were randomly assigned to the experimental birds in the prepared pens within the experimental house, so that each dietary treatment was replicate thrice where the experimental pen constitutes a replicate group of eight birds each. The management processes throughout the experimental period include provision of optimum thermal and ventilation environment; ad lib watering and feeding; vaccination against Gumboro and New Castle diseases; in addition to performance records keeping. The obtained results revealed that weight gain, feed intake, feed utilization efficiency, dressing % were significantly improved P< 0.05 with low levels of carbohydrates (20 – 25) sugar mixture. We concluded that low nutritional quality of the pigeon peas seeds (Cajanus cajan) can be enhanced by fermentation processes in the presents of low level of carbohydrates (20% sorghum grains or 25% sugar).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/8212
Date: 2006


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