University of Khartoum

Knowledge and Attitudes of Secondary School Students in Khartoum State Regarding Hiv-Infection

Knowledge and Attitudes of Secondary School Students in Khartoum State Regarding Hiv-Infection

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Title: Knowledge and Attitudes of Secondary School Students in Khartoum State Regarding Hiv-Infection
Author: El-Hassan, Safa
Abstract: This is an interventional study among secondary school students in Khartoum State, during the period from December 2004 to August 2005. The aim of the study was to determine the knowledge and attitude of the students towards AIDS and to evaluate the short term effects of an AIDS education programme on their knowledge and attitude. The mean age the students group was 15.7 years and (46.5%) were males. Radio and television were the main sources of information (72%) followed by school (48.8%). Overall, the students demonstrated good awareness of sexual and blood transmission of HIV (96%) and (93.75%) respectively. But many misconceptions were there. Hands shaking (9.75%), kissing and hugging (20.75%), food born (17%) and mosquitoes bites (19.25%) were mentioned by the students as modes of HIV transmission. About (43.5%) of the students didn’t know the symptoms of AIDS. Only (4.75%) of them believed that mother cannot transmit the infection to her baby. One-third of the students thought that there is a vaccine for AIDS. Approximately half of the students preferred not to sit in the classroom near a student infected with AIDS. Only (15%) indicated that they would not shake hands with a student infected with AIDS. The majority of the students (85.5%) would never buy food from a food seller who had AIDS. In this study knowledge scores of students were positively correlated with a higher level of parents' education. Girls had a higher knowledge score than boys and were more tolerant to AIDS patients. The present study reported a correlation between knowledge and attitude. The student's knowledge and attitude in the post-test were significantly increased from pre-test. In conclusion, although the knowledge level seems to be high misconceptions about the routes of transmission were common. There was a substantial intolerant attitude towards AIDS patients. Regular school based education programmes is recommended to increase awareness of the adolescents towards AIDS.
Description: 132page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/8333
Date: 2015-04-06


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