University of Khartoum

Effect of Supplementation of Anise (Pimpinella ansium) to Raw Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) as Feed Additive on Broiler's Chicks Performane

Effect of Supplementation of Anise (Pimpinella ansium) to Raw Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) as Feed Additive on Broiler's Chicks Performane

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Title: Effect of Supplementation of Anise (Pimpinella ansium) to Raw Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) as Feed Additive on Broiler's Chicks Performane
Author: Abdelwhab, Tagwa
Abstract: An experiment was conducted to study the effect of supplementation of Anise as feed additive on broiler chicks performance. A total of one hundred and twenty eight unsexed one day old broiler chicks (hubbered) were used. The birds were randomly divided into four equal groups, of 32 birds with four replicates (8birds/replicate) in completely randomize design, four isocaloric and isonitrogenous diets A, B, C and D were formulated to meet the nutrient requirement for broiler chicks. Diet A contains a conventional feed ingredient as control, diet B contains (20% raw cowpea + 0.25% anise), diet C contains (20% raw cowpea + 0.50% anise) and diet D contains (20% raw cowpea + 0.75 anise). Parameters measured were weekly feed intake, body weight and feed conversion ratio(FCR). At the end of experimental period (6 weeks), birds were randomly selected (5 birds/replicate), weighed and slaughtered. The carcass weight were obtained and dressing percentage were calculated. The result showed that inclusion of Anise had no effect on feed intake up to the fifth week, whereas in the sixth week Anise significantly (P<0.05) increased feed intake, moreover, the treatments had significant (P<0.05) effect on total feed intake, the highest value observed in birds fed Anise at 0.75%. The dietary treatment had significant effect (P<0.05) on weekly weight gain up to the fourth week, weekly (FCR) showed significant difference during first and second week, whereas there was no significant effect on the final weight, total weight gain, total FCR and dressing percentage, carcass weight increased significantly by anise supplementation. In conclusion, the best performances and return value was observed in those birds fed (0.75%), Anise can be use as natural feed additive in broiler chicks diet
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/8539
Date: 2015-04-08


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