University of Khartoum

Hepatitis B Virus among Pregnant Women: Prevalence and Risk Factors in Khartoum State 2005-2006.

Hepatitis B Virus among Pregnant Women: Prevalence and Risk Factors in Khartoum State 2005-2006.

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Zeidan Abdu Zeidan en_US
dc.contributor.author Hakim, Huda
dc.date.accessioned 2015-04-08T11:25:07Z
dc.date.available 2015-04-08T11:25:07Z
dc.date.issued 2015-04-08
dc.date.submitted 2007-01
dc.identifier.uri http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/8610
dc.description.abstract This is a cross-sectional, health facility based study. The main objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HBsAg, HBeAg among pregnant women, attending ANC unit in Khartoum state 2005 and the frequency of perinatal transmission of hepatitis HBV, and to relate the possible risk factors, in order to use this information to decide whether the first dose of HB vaccine to be administered at birth or with DPT-1. Three hundred and twenty pregnant women were selected in this study from 20 health facilities that provide ANC services in Khartoum state using two stage cluster sample technique. Women were screened using ELISA test, for hepatitis B surface and e antigen. Where (12/320) 3.75% (95% CI: 3.77-3.73) women tested positive for HBsAg and only one woman out of the12 rate {8.33 %( 95% CI: 8, 49-8.17)} was hepatitis B e antigen positive. Prevalence of HBsAg & HBeAg positive mothers is 0.31%, Frequency of HBV carriers in population due to perinatal infection is 0.25%. In relating the r risk factors for HBV to the prevalence of HBV, the relation was found to be statistically insignificant. It was concluded that there is moderate endemicity of HBV infection and low perinatal transmission of the disease In Khartoum state. It is thus recommended to continue giving the HBV vaccine with the DPT as scheduled, to conduct other studies for young children to define the relative importance of perinatal versus childhood transmission, to screen all pregnant women for HBV during antenatal care visits, and giving appropriate management for neonates of +ve mothers, and to study the prevalence in other states. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher UOFK en_US
dc.subject Hepatitis B Virus, Pregnant Women,Prevalence, Risk en_US
dc.title Hepatitis B Virus among Pregnant Women: Prevalence and Risk Factors in Khartoum State 2005-2006. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.Degree M.Sc en_US
dc.Faculty MEDICINE en_US
dc.contributor.faculty Community Medicine en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Share

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account