University of Khartoum

Response of Broiler Chicks to Dietary Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) as Feed Additive

Response of Broiler Chicks to Dietary Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) as Feed Additive

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Title: Response of Broiler Chicks to Dietary Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) as Feed Additive
Author: Foud Elamin, Raja
Abstract: An experiment was carried out to study the response of broiler chicks to dietary cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), as anatural feed additive, on broiler performance, blood parameters and meat composition. A total of ninety- six one-day old unsexed broiler chicks (Hubbard) were used. The birds were randomly divided in to four equal groups each of 24 birds with four replicates (6 birds /replicate) in acompletely randomized design. Four isonitrogenous and iso-caloric diets were formulated to meet the nutrient requirements of chicks according to the American National Research Council. They were supplemented with four levels of cardamom (0.0%, 0.15%, 0.3% and 0.45%). The feed and water were provided adlibitum. Feed intake and body weight gain were recorded weekly. The results showed that the dietary cardamom supplementation had significantly (P<0.05) increased feed intake and body weight gain. The highest final body weight, carcass weight and dressing percentage were obtained in the birds fed 0.45% cardamom. Moreover, dietary treatment of cardamom had significantly (p<0.05) improved the feed conversion ratio. The treatment had significantly (P<0.05) decreased blood total lipids and glucose, However, there was no significant (P>0.05) effect on the blood total protein. The dietary cardamom had significantly (P<0.05) increased crude protein and ether extract content of the broiler meat for the birds that received 0.3% cardamom. There was significant increase on nitrogen free extract for the birds fed 0.45% cardamom and they showed best performance and profitability.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/8649
Date: 2015-04-09


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