University of Khartoum

Bacteria Causing Enteric Fever In Humans In Gadarif State

Bacteria Causing Enteric Fever In Humans In Gadarif State

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Title: Bacteria Causing Enteric Fever In Humans In Gadarif State
Author: Haitham Eltigani Mohammed Elawad
Abstract: This study was carried out in Gadarif State, Eastern Sudan, during the period from December 2004 to July 2005. The study was designed to isolate and identify bacteria that causeenteric fever in humans in Gadarif State, and to determine the antibiograms of the isolated bacteria to the commonly used antibiotics. The study involved sick individuals in the community, which included different ages and genders. From 71 patients, who were diagnosed as suffering from enteric fever and had significant titres for Widal test, faecal and blood samples were collected. Specimens from 24 patients were dropped because they did not give growth of significant bacteria. Isolates from the remaining 47 patients were further characterised and their susceptibility to various antibiotics was determined. The main bacteria of enteric fever in Gadarif State was S. paratyphiB, while organisms such as Proteusand Pseudomonas spp, were isolated from some specimens. Fourteen of S. paratyphiB isolates showed resistance to ciprofloxacin while the other nine isolates showed multidrug-resistance. All isolates were highly susceptible to chloramphenicol. In this study it was observed that the disease was more common among females than males. This was perhaps due to lack of household and personal hygiene in poor communities, beside the development of carriers. Women are more exposed to compost, waste, food and contaminated water supplies in Gadarif State.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/8651
Date: 2006


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