University of Khartoum

The Dietary Intake and Habits of Children with Type1 DM in Khartoum State

The Dietary Intake and Habits of Children with Type1 DM in Khartoum State

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Title: The Dietary Intake and Habits of Children with Type1 DM in Khartoum State
Author: Nasr, Safaa
Abstract: Medical nutritional therapy (MNT) is the cornerstone of diabetes management in children and to prevent and treat the chronic complications of diabetes and improve overall health. This study was conducted in Khartoum state in two main diabetic referral clinics of Gabir Abu Elez Diabetic Centre and Gaafar Ibn Oaf Paediatric Hospital .The aim of this study is to assess the nutritional intake; including quantity and quality of Sudanese children with type 1 DM, and to identify the common habits, believes and missconsepts in diet management among Sudanese children with type1 DM and their families . A total of 138 patients were interviewed by a questionnaire to assess patients socioeconomic status, dietary practice and pattern and nutritional status and a24hour recall of food intake to assess nutritional adequacy and nutrient distribution. The mean age was 12.3 yrs (range 2 – 17.5 years) male patients were (n = 73) 52.9%. 50 patients (36.2%) came from Central Sudan followed by those from Northern state (41patients -31.9%). iv Schooling was affected by diabetes where 12 children (8.7. %) were off school because of the disease. Frequent hospitalizations were noticed due to DKA reflecting poor control. Thirty seven (26.8%) of the diabetic children studied were underweight while 66 children (48%) show some degree of thinness. The result shows some faulty food choices such as avoidance of some staple carbohydrate food and fruits. Results of food distribution throughout the day showed that most of the patients were unaware of proper meal frequency. The evaluation of the nutritive value of patients’ one day intake showed CHO, fat and protein intake were within the international recommendation. Severe thinness was found to be associated with low CHO consumption in calories per day while fatness is associated with high fat consumption in calories per day in diabetic children.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/8727
Date: 2015-04-09


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