University of Khartoum

An Evaluation to the Factors Influencing Milk Production and Dairy Herds Health in Khartoum and Khartoum North Towns

An Evaluation to the Factors Influencing Milk Production and Dairy Herds Health in Khartoum and Khartoum North Towns

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Title: An Evaluation to the Factors Influencing Milk Production and Dairy Herds Health in Khartoum and Khartoum North Towns
Author: Yousif, Nagwa
Abstract: The presented work was carried out in 79 farms at Khartoum State, in Elsabil and Elshigla collections inKhatroum and Khartoum North towns respectively . Milk production is one of the essential activities not only in khartoum state but rather in all the country . And that because among the main food stuffs, milk has been identified to be of particular interest with regard to alimentation and health . Milk and dairy products have always enjoyed a healthy perception to the consumer as pure products that are essential for health well-being . In Khartoum state the demand for food is increasing due to its growing population besides the increasing of the prosperity . Hence, the study aimed to identify the factors which haveimpacts on milk production in Khartoum state . A comprehensive data base on milk production and performance at farm level has been collected and collated by using questionnaire . Data and information obtained were statistically analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient .They revealed many factors of concern : 1. Feeding system 2. Health care and diseases vi 3. Farm management which involve : housing system, breeding system, recording system, cullingsystem and evaluation of performance in the farm ..etc 4. Personnel and economical impacts in the study samples. the source and type of the ration which presented to the animal , furthermore , the study showed the great impact of the cost of the ration on the total production cost as well as on the maximum productivity . About health care and diseases which consider one of the factors that directly affect on milk production . Also the study stressed onsome of the wrong practices in milk farms that owners used to suchas using drugs without technical consultation , neglect of the regular vaccination and the periodic laboratory examinations to both of milk and animals . All these things and others may be attributed to the lack of veterinary extension and the shortage of the veterinary services . In regard to farm management, the study pointed to the existing records which lack accuracy , and the improperly designed housing facilities . Furthermore, the study indicated that the animal owners depend on the natural service as only way for insemination, and this in turn reflects the urgent need for transferring appropriate knowledge and technologies such as artificial insemination(A.I) technology in order to save money and effort and increase the productivity ofmilk . Along with this the study vii confirmed that the cross-breeding system in most of the farms is carried out traditionally without any technical systematic method . The study showed that there is no proper reliable program for culling inmost of the milk farms and that in turn reflects on the total cost and profitability in such farms .And because most of the owners do not care about keeping records , accordingly, records have no value in evaluation herd performance trends and management strengths and weakness , consequently, they depend on their observations and the daily income and the expenses to evaluate their business . Concerning personnel, the study focused on the effect of the manpower and their dominated role in the milk farms . Labors not only do the manual work, but rather they supervise on the total operation , that is why they share in decision-making , the thing that has a great impact on milk production . On the conclusion , the study recommended that scientific researches should be planned and directed according to the needs and the requirements on different fields . Also more studies and researches on the factors affecting milk production , performance of the animal,and trials to solve the problems related , should be carried out . Rather the study focused on the role of the extension system in developing milk production , it has been evident that there is a lack of viii adequate knowledge and insight and insome cases there is an incorrect information because of limited experience and appropriate knowledge .So in order to promote milk productionthrough transferring knowledge and technologies , it will be necessary to create an effective extension system with a strong linkage , with the research centers and the relevant institutions. Therefore , at the end of the conclusion, the study presented some aspects of the required extension workon milk production in Khartoum state .
Description: 87 page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/8792
Date: 2015-04-09


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