Studies On Different Clinicaldiagnostic Tools Used In Khartoum State

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This work was directed to investigate veterinary clinical work in Khartoum State and to evaluate the diagnostic methods and laboratory aids to diagnosis methods and tools in Khartoum Veterinary hospitalsand Clinics with emphasis on caprine. He study is based on three elements; the animal, diagnosis and laboratory aids to diagnosis methods and tools, and the disease. It consisted of three parts. The first partwas atraining period in which informations and observations were collected, it was done in Khartoum Veterinary Hospital (2 months)and Shambat Veterinary Clinic (8 months). Findings were: Diagnostic methods used by Practitioner (Veterinarian) for clinical examination were auscultation and some special diagnostic procedures needed as the use of vaginoscope. Laboratory aids to diagnosis were: Parasitological examination Haematological examination Bacteriological examination Animals cheched in Khartoum hospital: The tptal number was 136, 71 animals (52% of these cases) were caprine, 37 were dogs (27.21 %), 20 cases wereovine (14.71 %), and 6 cats (4.41). Pneumonia was the most common disease for the 4 species of animals examined. Animals clinically checked, laboratory examined, diagnosed and treated, were 157 cases of caprine and ovine at Shambat clinic (College of Veterinary Medicine U of K); 81.01 % of them were caprine and 18.4 % were ovine. The most common disease among all these cases was pneumonia 37.03 of the cases were suffering from it, and 25 % were suffering digestive system problems. In the second part 35 goats and sheep were clinically checked, haematological and parasitological examinations were made for blood and faecal samples collected from them. These animals were from different areas in Omdurman and one farm in Shambat. Most of these cases suffered from anaemia, internal parasites and pneumonia; one goat died before a diagnosis was made, one sheep died after the beginning of treatment and the rest of the cases showed good response to treatment. He last part consisted of 2 experiments; the time for each was 2 months. The first one was designed to test the available diagnostic methods and laboratory aids to diagnosis of pneumonia;12 goats aged 3-6 months were used. Experimental infection of pneumonia and observation of symptoms by routine clinical examination was done. Later test therapy was adopted as an aid to diagnosis. The second experiment was designed for the same purpose to diagnose mastitis. Three lactating nannies aged between1½ - 3½ years were observed through daily routine clinical examination.2 of these nannies were infected with sub clinical mastitis and showed good response to treatment, the third one showed clinical symptoms of mild mastitis and a little response to treatment. In conclusion, it was found that the present used diagnostic methods and tools in Khartoum Hospitals and Clinics isnot coping with the recent scientific advances and developments in techniques. The study recommend more depth and more attention for rehabilitation of the present veterinary hospital care, introduction of more recent equipments and tools and up-dating the present diagnostic procedures and techniques
Clinicaldiagnostic, Tools,Khartoum State