University of Khartoum

The Role of Ngos in Rural Development through Forestry Activites Case Study: Gezira East Locality

The Role of Ngos in Rural Development through Forestry Activites Case Study: Gezira East Locality

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Title: The Role of Ngos in Rural Development through Forestry Activites Case Study: Gezira East Locality
Author: Elamin , Mohammed Elsheikh Elawad
Abstract: The focus of most national forestry development agencies is more on projects oriented towards direct improvement in the welfare of the rural poor instead of commercial and forestry industry development. Regarding the deterioration of the natural resources, the Government of Sudan authorities gave permission and licenses to a many NGOs projects to enhance tree planting and integrating it with the programs of rural development. The post project evaluation of these projects revealed that the level of participation of local communities is far lagging behind ambitions and expectations. Moreover, most of the activities adopted by the local people during projects intervention failed to sustain. Gezira East Locality is (Gezira State) was selected for this research. The broad objective of this research is to investigate the contribution of the NGOs projects to the sustainable livelihood of local communities and the conservation and rehabilitation of natural resources in the study area, particularly forests resources. In this study, two types of data were used to collect the necessary information, namely; primary and secondary data. The main findings of the this study are; the activities of all the NGOs worked in the study area focused on desertification encouragement control and afforestation programs coupled with rural development. The NGOs were able to recruit the local people in the projects' activities through addressing the agenda of incentives and subsidies. Accordingly, the vegetation cover during the NGOs interventions showed significant increase in the stocking density. Several factors contributed to the deterioration of the vegetation cover after the phase-out of the NGOs projects represented in the poverty level of the study area which hold the local people to rely intensively on forest products for source of income and different uses. Moreover, the lack of the extension units after the withdrawal of the projects restricted the genuine participation of the local people. In addition, climate change and variability contributed to the failure of the afforestation and reforestation programs. The main conclusions of this research are; the local people appreciate the role of NGOs in rehabilitation of the vegetation cover in collaboration with local communities through applying incentives. Extensionists become reluctant, after projects phase-out, to pursue their activities because the infrastructure introduced by the NGOs for the extension units were diverted to other departments. The study recommended that the FNC should strengthen the extension services after the phase-out of the NGOs project to guarantee the sustainability of the adopted activities. ‫‬
Description: 95 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/9203
Date: 2015-04-21


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