University of Khartoum

تقويم السكان المحليين لقضايا زحف الرمال وتكوين الجزر الرملية والهدام بمحلية حلفا

تقويم السكان المحليين لقضايا زحف الرمال وتكوين الجزر الرملية والهدام بمحلية حلفا

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Title: تقويم السكان المحليين لقضايا زحف الرمال وتكوين الجزر الرملية والهدام بمحلية حلفا
Author: خليل, الزبير
Abstract: This study attempts to investigate the phenomenon of river bank erosion, sandy islands and sand creep and their impacts on the sustainable livelihood of local communities at Halfa Locality, Northern State. The objective of the research is to highlight the socio-economic impacts of these phenomenons in the study area. Primary & secondary data were collected through interviewing & literature. The main findings of the research are; agriculture represents the main source of income despite the small size of the farms. The agricultural lands are shrinking year after year due to river bank erosion, sandy islands formation and sand creep. There is lack of government commitment to tackle the environmental issues. Moreover, farmers do not retain trees at their farms either due to ignorance of silvicultural operations as they represent or lack of seedlings and extension services at the study area. Palm trees are the exceptional tree that exists in the agricultural lands and present an additional source of income. Crop productivity shows a fluctuation pattern for the last three years and this was reflected in the high level of migration. The main conclusions drawn from this study are; the majority of the residents are either children or elderly people due to high level of migration. The stocking density of palm trees is declining in the study area particularly in areas subjected to river bank erosion. The study recommends the importance of coordination between the local people and the government institutions to mitigate the negative impacts of these phenomena.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/9254
Date: 2015-04-21


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