University of Khartoum

Environmental Impact of Industrial Wasteson Marine Area, Case Study: Port Sudan Coastal Area

Environmental Impact of Industrial Wasteson Marine Area, Case Study: Port Sudan Coastal Area

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Title: Environmental Impact of Industrial Wasteson Marine Area, Case Study: Port Sudan Coastal Area
Author: Abd Alrahman, Eida Ali Habib
Abstract: This study was carried out to determine the effect of the industrial wastes on marine environment in Port Sudan area. A very intensive study has been made to identify types of pollutions drained in seawater at study area of Red Sea coast. Samples were taken from three stations (1, 2and 3) at study area and the following analysis were made: Temperature, Salinity, Hydrogen Ion Concentration, Dissolved oxygen, Biochemical oxygen demand, Nutrient, Oil and Grease. The laboratorial results revealed that wastes pollute the marine environment as the cooling water from studied industries which is drain into the seawater increases the degree of temperature approximately from 6 to 12 0 C above the allowed rate, the matter which was adverse effect on the environment and living marine creatures due to the sudden change of temperature degree. Also, it was found that the great amount of oil spills discharged into seawater due to many factors such as: cooling water, oil spills from ships and loading and discharging operations of crude oil ships. Accordingly these oils spills might have a deadly effect on living marine creatures, which have been mention in details through out this research. Hence, and to minimize this adverse effect of industrial wastes and others on the marine environment, may recommend to the following: 􀂉 Pretreatment to the industrial wastes should be taking before its draining into the Red Sea coastal area. 􀂉 Surveillance all ships into the port and observing loading and discharging operations as well as those ships in the regional waters and implementing the international maritime laws. 􀂉 Enlightenment the industrial administrators and manpower working with them about the severity which will definitely cause the marine environmental deterioration as a result of industrial wastes. 6 􀂉 To punish every one who violates the laws of environment protection. Thus, can be safeguarding the environment from pollutions and consequently develop the natural resources and proceed ahead in the industrial advancement. 􀂉 Enforcement international and local legislations which have been made to protect the environment of marine.
Description: 102page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/9587
Date: 2015-04-26


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