آثار الملك تهارقا في وادي النيل

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Date
2015-06-13
Authors
الحسن أحمد محمد, الحسن
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University of Khartoum
Abstract
This dissertation, entitled "The Antiquities of King Taharqa in the Nile Valley 690-664 B.C" lies in six chapters, begins with a short review of the historical and geographical situations of the Nile Valley during the first millennium B.C, as background to the developing events that led to the emergence of the Napatan period and it's kings, the rulers of the united Egypt and Sudan, the greatest of these kings was Taharqa, whom I mentioned his lineage and enthronement. Then after, I reviewed in detailed descriptive method, all the immovable monuments of the king Taharqa in the Nile Valley, followed by plans, photos and plates together with translations of the Hieroglyphic texts which is accompanying the relief. Due to its big size, I divided this subject into two chapters, one mentioning the immovable monuments of the king Taharqa located from the Delta in the north to the region of Napata in the south, at: Tel Atrib, Tanis, Memphis, Wadi Hammamat in the Eastern Desert, at the Oasis of the Western Desert, Thebes, Island of Philae, Qasr Ibrim, Buhen, Semna West, Sedeinga, Tombos, Doki Gel, Tebo and Old Dongola. The other chapter for his immovable monuments from the region of Napata at: Gebel Barkal, Sanam and Nuri. The dissertation also shows the movable objects of the king Taharqa, which consisted mainly of statues and other fine objects exhibited in the national and international museums, the attributions of the granite statue from the quarry of Tombos is also included. Translation and full comment on the subjects of all the texts of the king Taharqa carved on stones steles, discovered at: Dahshur, Karnak and at Kawa where five of them has been found, throw some information about his family relations, the construction of the temple of Kawa and about the natural events happened during his reign. Finally, I presented analysis of the charisma of the king Taharqa during his life time, according to his military and religious attitudes, with an attempt to recognize also how his physical body was looking, judging from the diameter of his personal golden finger ring found in his tomb at Nuri, and I suggest that king Taharqa was well built, tall and he had broad shoulders, hands and feet. The study concludes in evidences that the king Taharqa was the greatest Sudanese king in the field of construction, the number of his monuments was the largest among the monuments of other ancient Sudanese kings, he devoted his life for his united country Sudan and Egypt, and for him to live for ever.
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250 Pages
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