الجمعية التشريعية الأولى ديسمبر 1948 – مايو 1952دراسة تاريخية

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Date
2015-05-25
Authors
سارة أليجا تور, دنقلاي
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UOFK
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This thesis: The First Sudanese Legislative Assembly December 1948-May 1952 is a continuation to studies on constitutional developments in the Sudan during the Condominium period prior to the formation of the Legislative Assembly. The formation of the Legislative Assembly in December 1948 constituted the beginning of the path toward self-government and self-determination that led to the declaration of Sudan independence on 1st January 1956. The Self-Government Statute discussed by the Assembly and submitted by the Sudan Government to the Co-domini in 8 May 1952 was the core of the Anglo-Egyptian Negotiations November 1952-February 1953. The Study starts with an historical background about constitutional developments 1899-1948. It included the Condominium Agreement 1899, the formation of the Governor-General Council 1910, the relation between the Sudan Government and the Sudanese Nationalists, the use of native administration to combat the intelligentsia, the formation of the Graduates General Congress 1938 and the Advisory Council for Northern Sudan 1944-1948. The second chapter discusses the Sudan Administration Conference formed in April 1946 and recommended the formation of a legislative assembly to replace the Advisory Council for Northern Sudan and an executive council to replace the Governor – General\\\\\\\'s Council. The chapter also discusses the convening of the Juba Conference in June 1947 to discuss the recommendation of the Sudan Administration Conference of Southern participation in the Legislative Assembly. Chapter three discusses the opposition to the formation of the Legislative Assembly. It also discusses the opposition of the Egyptian Government to the Legislative Assembly. Chapter four discusses the Legislative Assembly and the Executive Council Law. It analysis the crucial articles in the law, elections and membership of the legislative Assembly and the Executive Council and the Legislative Assembly\\\\\\\'s jurisdiction in financial and legislative matters. Chapter five discusses the proceedings of the Legislative Assembly in crucial matters. Education was the core as the ten year plan for educational developments in the North and the five year plan for education in the South were discussed and debated in depth. Debates were also hot on the Nile Waters Agreement 1929 which was considered as unfair. Nationalization of the Gezira Scheme was also discussed and a selected committee from members of the Assembly was formed to follow the matter. The last chapter deals with the discussions in the Legislative Assembly about self-government and self-determination. It shows how this issue became the center of debates in the Assembly until the Constitutional Amendment Commission was formed in March 1951. The outcome was the Draft Self-government Constitution that was discussed in the Legislative Assembly between February and April 1952 and submitted to the Co-domini in May 1952. The conclusion reached from this study is that despite the shortcomings of the Legislative Assembly and its law, it\\\\\\\'s formation was a decisive turn in the constitutional developments that led to the signing of the Agreement for Self-government and self-determination in the Sudan in 12 February 1953. The legislative Assembly and Executive Council Law is an appendix to this study beside photos of some sessions and personalities of the Assembly and the Council
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