Sorghum Gluten Feed as a Component of Fat-Supplemented Diets for Broiler Chickens.

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Date
2015-06-22
Authors
El Smoual Bashir Hassan, Zyada
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Publisher
UOFK
Abstract
This study was conducted to determine the influence of diet containing sorghum gluten feed (SGF) with or without supplemental vegetable fat (cottonseed oil) on the performance of broiler chickens. 2407-days broiler chicks allotted to the dietary treatments in a complete factorial arrangement (three levels of SGF 0, 15 and 30% and two levels of fat 0 and 5%). Diets were fed ad libitum access to broilers from 1st day to 7 weeks of age. Body weight and feed consumption were determined at 4 and 7 weeks of age. Dressing percentage and percentages of carcass cuts were also determined. Inclusion of SGF at 15% and 30% had no effect on feed intake, conversion ratio (kg feed consumed per kg of gain), weight gain and live body weight, during the first period whereas, it reduced (P<0.05) feed conversion ratio and weight gain during finisher period. The use of 5% fat in diets reduced (P<0.05) feed intake and improved (P<0.05) feed: gain ratio at all levels of SGF in the diets during both periods. There was a significant (P<0.05) interaction between dietary SGF and fat in feed conversion ratio during finisher period. Inclusion of neither SGF nor fat had any effect on dressing percentage. There was an interaction (P<0.05) between dietary SGF and fat for all carcass cuts. Inclusion of 30% SGF in the diet increased (P<0.05) back and neck percentage, while 15% SGF increased (P<0.05) breast percentage, wings percentage (P<0.05) at both levels. The legs were not affected by any level of SGF. The addition of fat increased (P<0.05) back and neck percentage and reduced (P<0.05) wings percentage but had no effect on breast and leg percentage
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Keywords
Sorghum Gluten Feed,Component ,Supplemented Diets,Broiler Chickens.
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