Destined to Adapt: Religious Values and Foreign Policy Change in Iran and Sudan

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الحاج, حسن
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University of Khartoum
In the last decade numerous writings examined the rising impact of religion on international affairs. A special emphasis was placed on the ability of religion to influence the behavior of a multitude of actors in different parts of the World. Religious values are often being viewed in the literature as immutable hardly susceptible to change especially those emanating from Islam. As a consequence, foreign policies which are under sustained and direct influence of Islamic religious values are assumed to be mostly similar: anti-Western, radical, and revisionist –Iran, Afghanistan during the Taliban, and Sudan are examples-. This paper assumes that religious values are mostly adapting to change, and subject to reinterpretation to accommodate foreign policy change, and leading to different foreign policy outcomes. The paper will examine how the reinterpretation of religious values is being utilized differently by President Khatami in Iran and the National Congress Party in Sudan to justify foreign policy change
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Religious, Values, Foreign ,Policy ,Change, Iran, Sudan