Assessment of factors influencing household food security in Bahr El Jebel Province "Case study of FAO Household Food Security Programme in Juba"

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Francis Luala Loggali Löri
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University of Khartoum
This study attempts to assess the factors influencing household food security in Bahr El Jebel Province. A multi-stage stratified random sampling proportional to the size of sub-population was used to select 52 households heads from seven villages. The primary data was collected through the use of structured questionnaire, personal interviews and informal meetings. The secondary data was collected from official records of related government institutions, FAO and NGOs. The data were analyzed by the multiple linear regression model besides. The socio-economic description. The results of the regression analysis showed that income and size of household were positive and significant indicating that as the income rises expenditure on food will rise and when the size of a household rises to a certain extent (7 persons) expenditure on food will rise after which it will decline because human consumption has a maximum limit where a person can not go beyond it. The socio-economic results showed that male headed households dominate (75%), active age group (20-40 years old) represent 46.15%, 90.39% are married, 25.01% are illiterate and 69.23% attended basic and secondary schools, 40.38% are unemployed. The average income per household per day was 615.844 SD equivalent to US$ 2.36 or US$ 0.34 per person per day. The individual share of own production of cereals was estimated at 52.01kg/year representing 36.11% of the total requirement. The poor represent 76.94% (those who own 0-5 cattle), food expenditure represented 76.41% of total expenditure, and 96.16% of the households eat one meal a day. The study concluded that the households are food insecure. In order to contribute to the alleviation of the suffering of the poor households and improve their situation of food insecurity the study recommended a number of short-term as well as long term suggestions and strategies to be implemented in stages or phases. They are geared to: expansion of area cultivated by household through mechanized agriculture, introduction of artificial irrigation through provision of pumps, digging wells or water catchments, improvement of marketing, transport and storage, provision of credit facilities, establishment of small scale food processing industries, strengthening the activities of agricultural planning, monitoring, evaluation, training and extension services. Rehabilitation of Manglla Agro-industrial Complex and establishment of Mangalla sugar industry. Finally, the study recommends the resolution of the chronic conflict between the indigenous Bari and the displaced Mundari from Terkeka Province over the cultivable and grazing land
A Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Agricultural Economics
University of Khartoum Agriculture Agricultural Economics Food Security Juba Soil Animal resources Food security poverty growth respondents Social status, household food security Bahr El Jebel Province FAO Food Juba Agricultural Economics University of khartoum
Francis Luala Loggali Löri, Assessment of factors influencing household food security in Bahr El Jebel Province "Case study of FAO Household Food Security Programme in Juba". - Khartoum : University of Khartoum, 2003. - 122p., illus., 28cm., M.Sc.