أوجه الخلاف بين الأشموني وابن مالك من خلال شرح الألفية

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Date
2015-06-17
Authors
محمد أحمد آدم, محمد
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UOFK
Abstract
The title of this research is (Awjuh Al Khilaf beyna, Alashmony, Wa-Ibni Malik, min Khilal Sherh Alalfia) presented for The Graduate Collage, at Khartoum University, for an accomplishment of Master Degree in Arabic Language and it’s arts. Its plan Comprises of three chapters, eight sections, sixteen themes,conclusion and bibliography. The first chapter discusses The biography of Ibni Malik and Alashmony in two sections, and four themes, in first section. The first theme deals with Ibni Malik's life in Alandalus and The Orient.It clarifies his name, Kingship, family, sons, and his contemporary kings and princes.Also the most important features of his life. He is famous with the name of his grandfather (Ibni Malik) in the orient and the Occident. He was born in “hayan” city in Alandalus in 600H. His early life witnessed political problems and troubles between the Muslim kings among each other. Then between them and Christian kings who aimed at sending them out to get Andalus back to its Christianity. So that he left it and went towards the Orient,namely Egypt and Alsham area to complete his education. and Damascus became his land where he studied Arabic language at Sabit Ibni Khayar Alkulaee and Ibni Yaeesh and Ibni Omroon and others. The second theme discusses his books, death and exposition and definition of Alalfia .The manuseripts which he left were more than fifty books. The most important ones are: Alalfia and Sherh Alkafia and Sherh Al Tesheel. He died in 672H. The second section reveals the life of Alashmony in Egypt in two themes: the first theme persents his name, kinship, family, his contemporary kings and the princes, his teachers, and the scientists. He was born in Qnatir Alsibaa area in 838H belongs to Ashmoon. It is an old city known by it’s establisher Ashmoon Ibni Masr Ibni Baysar Ibni Ham Ibn Nooh.He lived in the era of AlMamaleek Albahrya who were known by Aljarakisa. Its kings take an interest in arts and education councils.He became good reader, and teacher at Alazahar Alshereef. He was appointed as judge in Dimiyat by the Judge Zakria Alansari. This was at the era of king Alashraf Gatibye 872 – 900H. The second theme deals with his books, death and definition of his exposition and The characteristics of its description, he left number of books. The most important one is minhaj Alsalik li Alfiat Ibni Malik which is known as Sherh Alashmony, who died in 900H. The study researches Sherh Alashmony trying to answer the following question whether he disagrees with Ibni Malik in his syntactic opinion? This is in two chapter. The second chapter discusses The adverb, perception, the exception and in three sections, six themes. In the first section, the first theme displays, the definition of the adverb, masculine and feminine, and concerns with the difference of inserting of the Geid Alintisab, during defining the adverb idiomatically. The second theme concentrates on the disagreement of the advancing adverb on ALmajroor biharf Aljrr. The second section discussed perception in two themes: The first one is about the disagree on Nasbal Tamyeez Aljumla and disagree on the exception of perception which exchange from object. The second theme concentrates on the disagreement on advancing factor of perception absolutely, the aspects of adverb agreement, and their disagreement. The third section discuss the exception in two themes which include the disagreement about Alnasb factor in the exception the absolute and the disagreement about its deviation from conditional. The research summs up that Alashmony disagrees with Ibni Malik in his opinion, and discusses different syntactic opinions and their proofs about this opinion. He was affected by method of Alamurady in Sherh Alalfia with testimonies on the syntactical issues to prove its correctness. The third chapter manifests the morphological rules and the possessions or imputation in three sections, and six themes. The first section is about "huroof Al Ibdal and syntax" in two themes including the fact of morphology the following items: AlGalb ,Attaweed and Ibdal, the different between them. Syntax. The second section clarifies the replacement in two themes including situation of replacement the waw, ya, hamzat Al alif and replacement of Alalif to ya, and replacement of waw to ya and Aliilal Al bilnaql. The third section is about the rules of profession in two themes.It includes. The exchanges in possession, possessive, the possessive which closed by Alif mamdoda and the possessive to plural. This chapter expresses that Alashmony agrees with Ibna Malik in some issues and disagrees in others.He traces on the grammarians ideas from Tesheel book and still he compared Ibni Malki's opinions in Alalfia with his opinion in AlTesheel and Sherh AlQafia Alshafia and the opinions of the different Grammarians such as AlKufieeyen,Besriyyeen and Baghdadiyeen. And usualy expresses his points of view on them
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أوجه الخلاف, الأشموني,مالك, شرح الألفية
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