الصحة النفسية وعلاقتها ببعض القدرات العقلية والمستوى الإقتصادي والإجتماعي لدى تلاميذمرحلةالأساس بمحلية بحري–ولاية الخرطوم

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Date
2016-03-24
Authors
محمود, سهير محمد أحمد
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University of Khartoum
Abstract
This study tries to investigate the relationship between mental health, on the one hand, and mental abilities and Socio-economical level, on the other hand, among Basics Schools Pupils in Khartoum North Locality -Khartoum State. To achieve this objective the researcher used descriptive correlation method. The data were collected by many tools, including basic information sheet, Kohlberg Mental Health scale, differential audiovisual feedback scale, and Wechsler Memory scale (third edition). The research community was the primary pupils of Khartoum North Locality. A random and equally stratified sample of 300 pupils of males and females were selected from Kafuri, al-Mazad, and al-Samrab residential quarters. The data were analyzed through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), T-test for one sample, T-test for two samples, Pearson statistical test, Tuky test, Multiple Regression analysis, One-Way Variance test, Two-Way Variance test, and Alpha Cronbach testThe most important results of the study were as follows: The dimensions of mental hygiene were statistically above the average among the study population. There is a significant negative correlation coefficient between the dimensions of mental hygiene and attention and memory. There is no significant interaction between pupils’ gender and economic-social level on the dimensions of mental hygiene except the dimension of subjective feeling. The most predictive cognitive abilities of mental hygiene were the ability of numeral and reverse range. There is a significant statistical difference in mental hygiene among the population of the study according to the area of residence in favor of Kafuri quarter and al-Mazad pupil are better than those of al-Samrab.In conclusion, the researcher made some recommendations, including directing the attention of specialists to the importance of the mental health of students which focuses on the emotional side and its role in lifting all the symptoms and manifestations of anxiety, depression and lack of social harmony, and self-feelings, and imparts mental health aspects to the community.
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الصحة النفسية, القدرات العقلية, ولاية الخرطوم
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