Elsevier Editorial System(tm) for Computers and Electronics in Agriculture Manuscript Draft

No Thumbnail Available
Abdel-Rahman, Elfatih
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
There is an increasing demand for fresh vegetables such as Swiss chard in cognisance of their nutritive value. Early prediction of Swiss chard yield provides a valuable knowledge base for product management decisions like pre-harvest planning, post-harvest handing, food policy, and marketing. Consequently, the objective of the present study was to investigate the use of hyperspectral data in predicting yield of Swiss chard grown under different irrigation water sources. Swiss chard groundbased hyperspectral data were collected at canopy level using a handheld spectroradiometer at 2 and 2.5 months after planting. Reflectance spectra were transformed to their first-order derivative and partial least squares (PLS) and sparse PLS (SPLS) regressions (R) were used for data analysis. Results showed that 95% and 97% of Swiss chard fresh and dry yields variation, respectively could be explained. SPLSR outperformed PLSR models for predicting Swiss chard fresh and dry yields. Results further showed that models developed using data collected when the crop was 2.5 months old performed more accurately than models derived using a 2-month old crop data, except when the dry yield predicted using SPLSR. Fresh yield estimates could be accurately modeled (root mean square error: RMSE = 23.97% of the mean, Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency: NSE = 0.93. However, Swiss chard dry yield could not be reliably predicted (at minimum RMSE = 35.00% of the mean and a maximum NSE of 0.60 were obtained). This study demonstrates the potential of hyperspectral data in predicting Swiss chard fresh yield using combined irrigation treatments data sets. The study offers insight to the potential of large-scale prediction and estimation of Swiss chard yield using space borne and/or airborne hyperspectral data.
This paper had been presented for promotion at the university of Khartoum. To get the full text please contact the other at elfatihabdelrahman@gmail.com
Swiss chard, yield, hyperspectral data, partial least squares regression, sparse partial least squares regression