Physico-chemical changes during growth and development of ‘Galia’ cantaloupes. II. Chemical changes

No Thumbnail Available
Mustafa El Balla
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
university of khartoum
Chemical changes during growth and development of fruits of three ‘Galia’ melon cultivars were evaluated. The respiration curves of the three cultivars exhibited a typical climacteric pattern, with peak of respiration coinciding with full maturity (44 DAA) and then decreased. Fruit flesh firmness slightly decreased up to the mature-green stage and then sharply declined during the ripening phase (44-48 DAA). Rind color, total soluble solids (TSS) and total sugars progressively increased during growth and development of the three cultivars. Reducing sugars and titratable acidity progressively increased, reaching a peak at 42 DAA and subsequently decreased. Total protein and ascorbic acid content increased steadily in the three cultivars, reaching a peak at 44 DAA, which coincided with the climacteric peak of respiration and then declined. Phenolic compounds progressively decreased with growth and development in the three cultivars. Galia cantaloupes should be harvested at least at physiological maturity, where the fruit attains maximum size and weight, rind color develops, TSS reaches 10%, total sugars above 8%, proteins and ascorbic acid at maximum levels, titratable acidity starts to decrease, phenolics are reasonably low and the fruit is still firm.
Galia cantaloupes; chemical changes; growth and development