Hepatitis B Hepatitis C virus and Malaria coinfection

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Gasim, Gasim I.
Adam, I.
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International Journal of Vaccines and Immunization Open Access
Background: Malaria remains a major health threat worldwide. Endemic regions for malaria are endemic for other infectious diseases that might affect the malaria infection. Methods: A systematic search was conducted where it included published data about HBV, HCV and malaria. Published data on epidemiology, pathogenesis and consequences of HBV, HCV and malaria, were extracted from relevant studies. Epidemiology of co-infection has not been well studied, and studies in this concern will definitely draw the attention of decision makers towards such problem. Results: Younger age and male gender were risk factors for co-infection. There were no protective effects of HBV vaccine against malaria. The interaction between malaria parasites and HCV among chronic HCV carriers might slow the emergence of the former and that could help in determining new therapeutic approaches to defeat malaria. Conclusion: Strategies to improve currently available diagnostic techniques, researches dealing with therapeutic and prophylactic agents and protocols, vector control procedures, vaccine bringing up evolution, and other operational tools and approaches are needed.
Malaria, Endemic, Hepatotropic, Vaccine, Hepatitis B