The Role of Government Instruction and Civil Society Organization in Peace – Building (The Case of Western Darfur State 1990-2002)

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Satti, Yassir Hassan
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University of Khartoum
One of the most distressing features of the Sudan and which has profoundly affected the existence of the preceding governments in governance since independence is endless capacity for violence i.e. civil war in the south. Confronting the civil war in the south and tribal conflicts as well as settling these conflicts peacefully is the most urgent problem facing Sudan. The study aims to answer the following major questions: what is the role of government institutions in conflict prevention, peace keeping and peace building in Western Darfur State, to what extent civil society organization can play in conflict prevention, peace building and peace making processes. How can education mitigate the escalating of violent conflicts and spread peace culture among the community and lastly why formal peace agreements are in appropriate in maintaining and keeping peace. The study depends mainly on the historical, descriptive and analytical methods in extracting or explaining information concerning the research problem. In addition it used PRA method by contacting resource persons at the national and local levels (i.e minutes of informal meetings with traditional leaders, Native Chiefs, and government authorities of the State). In addition the study uses the formal peace agreement documentations between the inflicted tribes in the State. It also depends on secondary data from books, references, journals, workshop, seminars and Internet. The study uses case studies of some of African countries in literature review by concentrating on African experience in conflict and peace which inturn provides a frame work for our case study. From the field survey and by investigating the research problem by using the historical, descriptive and analytical approaches with the case studies of some of African countries, the study comes out with the following conclusions; the role of government institutions in peace building, peace keeping and peace making is limited due to lack of financial capabilities, lack of trained cadre and oriented programs to the grass roots. In addition to the absence of State sovereignty in combating the armed robbery. On the other hand, there is lack of collaborative efforts between government institutions and civil society organizations for attaining sustainable peace which is based on equal treatment in rights and duties between the existing tribes. The study recommended the following; empowering State sovereignty in order to combat the armed robbery and prevent future tribal conflicts this by itself required establishment of early warning system to gather information on social, economic, political and environment situation. The State government has to raise the capabilities of its institutions in conflict prevention and peace building activities. In addition to it has to strengthen and enlarge civil society organization’s role in peace building activities
80 Pages
Role,Government Instruction ,Civil Society ,Organization ,Peace – Building, Western Darfur State