Effect of Spacing Between Plants on Growth and Forage Yield of Two Maize (Zea Mays L.) Cultivars

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Date
2015-06-15
Authors
Martin Ceasar Lolia Lamana
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Publisher
UOFK
Abstract
A field experiment was conducted at the Demonstration Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum during the growing season 2007/08. The objective of this study was to investigate the response of two maize varieties to different plant spacings. The varieties used include: Mugtama 45 and Baladi. The three plant spacings were 10cm, 15cm and 20cm. The treatments were factorially arranged in a Randomized Complete Block Design replicated four times. The results showed that there were no significant differences between plant spacings on all growth and yield parameters, except the plant density which significantly increased with the decrease in plant spacing. The narrow plant spacing had a positive effect on plant density, plant height, leaf area index, beside fresh and dry yield, while the wider plant spacing had a positive effect on leaf area, number of leaves, beside leaf to stem ratio. The results showed that the variety Baladi was significantly higher on leaf area, while the variety Mugtama 45 was significantly higher on number of leaves, leaf area index, plant height, plant population, beside dry matter yield. This indicate that the variety Mugtama 45 is the best compared to variety Baladi.
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Maize (Zea Mays L.)
Citation
University of khartoum
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