Prevalence of Malaria Among Displaced People in Soba-Aradhi CampKhartoum State

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Takpiny, Apugy Kulang
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A cross-sectional descriptive study on malaria prevalence was carried out in the Area of the Displaced Population, Soba-Aradhi 20 Miles Southeast of Khartoum City. Ethical Clearance was obtained from the Federal Ministry of Health. The survey was carried out during the Post-rainy Season, the Pre-rainy Season, and the Rainy Season; in the Months of February, May, and September 2004.The study sample was made up of 410 individuals. The subjects diagnosed for malaria during the study were 320, 405, and 361 in February, May, And September respectively. An interview was conducted to those diagnosed .The study objectives were: 1. To estimate the prevalence of malaria among the Displaced Population in the Area. 2. To relate the prevalence of malaria to Age, Gender, and Season. 3. To determine the dominant malaria species in the Area. Thin films were prepared to find out the presence and the absence of malaria parasites in the subjects, using light microscope. The malaria infection rate was found to be 4.878% (40% of the cases) in the Post-rainy Season, 0.986% (8% of the cases) in the Pre-rainy Season, and 6.342% (52% of the cases) in the Rainy Season. The Rainy Season infection rate was expected to rise to 60% unless the situation changes. The dominant species in the Area was found to be P.falciparum 11.463% (94% of the cases) infection, followed by P.malariae 0.488% (4% of the cases) infection, then P.vivax 0.244% (2% of the cases) infection, and P.ovale was not detected in the Area. There was no significant relationship found between the infection with a malaria and Age or Gender. The rate of malaria infection was found to increase with the period of residence in the Camp. The rate of infection with malaria was found greater among the unemployed and the illiterates compared to the employed and the literates in the Area