Design and Testing of an Intermittent Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration System

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Date
2015-04-26
Authors
Fath-Elrahman Ahmed Elmahi
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
University of Khartoum
Abstract
Solar energy can be utilized by, either, thermal conversion, or electrical conversion, of solar radiation. Utilization of solar energy by thermal conversion method, is of low cost, but it requires high density of solar radiation. Electrical conversion method, on the other hand, is expensive, but it does not need high density of solar radiation. One of the most important applications of thermal conversion of solar energy, is absorption refrigeration. As there are many factors affecting the process of solar refrigeration, a lot of research work must be carried out, before deciding an optimum design of solar refrigeration systems, which utilize solar energy at a low cost. The main objective of this research is to design and construct an apparatus which can be used, as a test rig, by research students, to carry out experiments, regarding the performance of solar absorption refrigeration systems. The apparatus has been designed and constructed so as to be used indoors. One of the many different factors which affect the performance of solar absorption refrigeration systems, has been chosen, to test the apparatus, for functioning. This is the effect of condenser temperature, on the performance of solar absorption refrigeration systems. The apparatus has been tested for three different values of condenser temperature, and gave very good results. The experimental work proves that, the coefficient of performance of a solar absorption refrigeration system, is high, at a low condenser temperature. At a condenser temperature of about 25ºC, the actual coefficient of performance, obtained here, is 0.019, compared with a theoretical value of 0.062. And at a condenser temperature of about 15ºC, the actual E coefficient of performance is 0.026, compared with a theoretical value of 0.094.
Description
A THESIS SUBMITTED IN FULLFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE DEGREE OF Ph.D. IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Keywords
Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration System Mechanical Engineering University of Khartoum
Citation
Fath-Elrahman Ahmed Elmahi, Design and Testing of an Intermittent Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration System. – Khartoum : University of Khartoum, 2004. -145 P. : illus., 28 cm., Ph.D.