P prevalence of Peptides Petites Ruminates Virus in The Blue Niles State

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Eltahir Haj Omer, Raja
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This study was carried out to investigate the epidemiology of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in the Blue Nile State, Sudan, during 2009-2010, through collection of epidemiological dataand antigen and antibody detection. Two methods were adopted to achieve this aim ; namely, collection of data from Veterinary services records and serological examination of sheep, goats, camels and cattle, using competitive enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (c-ELISA) for PPR antibody detection and immunocapture ELISA (ic-ELISA) for(PPR antigen detection54. Out of 1037 serum samples collected from sheep , goats, camels and cattle in six Localities and tested for PPR virus antibodies using c-ELISA, 577 (55.64%) were positive. Among these, antibodies against PPR virus were detected in 83 samples(92.22%) from Baw Locality, 84 (63.16%) from Damazin locality, (84.38%) from Geissan Locality, 80(54.42%) from Rosirais Locality, 178 (43.84%) from Tadamon Locality and 98 (49.75%) from slaughterhouse. Throughout animal species, the highest antibodies titter of PPR was found to be in 206 samples(79.54%) of goats followed by sheep272(54.62%),cattle81 (40.50%) and camels 18 (22.50%). Out of 303 lung samples collected from sheep, goats, camels and cattle in slaughterhouse and tested for PPR antigen, using ic-ELISA only six sheepsamples were positive. The results showed that PPR is an endemic disease in the Blue Nile State.
Peptides Petites , Ruminates ,Virus, Blue Niles State