Volatility in Global Food Prices: Multivariate Modeling Approach

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Date
2013-02
Authors
Ibrahim A. Onour
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Volume Title
Publisher
University of Khartoum -Graduate College
Abstract
To forecast future volatility in global food commodity prices, this paper employs a number of alternative competing models: thin-tailed normal distribution, fat-tailed student t-distribution, and a simple approach of forecasting volatility based on standard deviations over the previous months. The results indicate that the t-distribution model outperforms the other two approaches, whereas the simple standard deviation approach outperform the normal distribution model, suggesting that the normality assumption of residuals, which is often taken for granted for its simplicity, may lead to unreliable results of conditional volatility estimates. The paper also shows that some of the food commodity prices included in the study, such as wheat, rice, and beef exhibit long memory behavior, implying persistence of the effect of a shock for longer periods compared to other commodities in the group.The evidence of long memory process support the view that structural changes in demand and supply side factors are more effective than short-term speculative factors.
Description
U of K- Annual Conference of Postgraduate Studies and Scientific Research-Humanities and Educational Studies February 2013- Khartoum-Sudan: Conference Proceedings Volume Two
Keywords
(GARCH);(volatility);(forecast);(food prices);(JEL classification)(C53);(C54);(Q17);(Q18)
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