The Impact of Rural Development Programmes on Women: The Case of the Southern Roseires Agricultural Development Project.

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Niemat Kuku, Mohamed
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This study is an attempt to examine the impact of rural development programmes on women, taking southern Roseires Agricultural. Development Project as a case study. It is argued that despite of the high contribution of rural women in economic and social aspects of life the development projects usually exclude them from the services provided institutionally and females farmers have no access to means of production. To accomplish this study the southern Roseires Agricultural Development Project has been selected. Primary data are collected (sample) from respondents who were selected randomly form the study area. Relevant secondary data are collected from different sources. Different statistical techniques are used to achieve the objectives of the study. These include frequency distribution, chi-square and multiple regression analysis. The findings of the frequency distribution reflected the differences in some socio-economic characteristic of the farmers based on gender, mainly the level of education, annual income, and farm size that they have cultivated. Chi-square analysis showed that there were highly significant differences between male and female farmers in the services provided by the project such as land, credit, mechanization services, improved seeds. This reflects a high level of discrimination based on gender. Also the results of analysis reflected that the women development program which included within the women development centers failed to reach objective submitted by the project. The multiple regression analysis showed that the determinants that positively affected the productivity of sorghum are the cultivated area and the level of education, while the total services received and age affected the productivity of the same crop negatively. Also the multiple regression analysis showed that the determinants that have negative effect on productivity of sesame are age, services, and education, while cultivated area affected it positively. Therefore, it is concluded that women development can not be achieved since women remain isolated from the mainstream of development planning and they will continue to be in a disadvantage position. Accordingly it is recommended that women should be fully integrated in the development process through giving more attention to their real roles and needs.
Southern,Roseires Agricultural ,Development Project.