Assessment of Environmental Management as Method of Malaria Vector Control

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Elshafie, Mohammed
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This study was conducted in Khartoum State during the year 2007,with the objective of assessing the environmental management activities for malaria vector control. The source of data was the records of Khartoum State, Ministry of Health. The respondents to the questionnaires were the malaria control personnel. The study revealed that there were significant differences between the sources of breeding sites and the positive breeding sites during the years 2004 and 2005. The study showed significant correlation between the environmental management and the reduction of the breeding places in the new buildings and cisterns. It was observed that (1042089) of mosquito breeding sites resulting from agriculture schemes and (25414) of mosquito breeding sites from broken pipes increased in the year 2005, due to weakness in applying intermittent irrigation program and pipe maintenance. The respondents regarded intermittent irrigation as the most efficient method (83.8%), also the respondents regarded (78.8%) of the community members as involved in intermittent irrigation. The major mosquitoes breeding sites in Khartoum State reported in the study were agricultural block, bricks factories, broken pipes, cisterns, construction ponds, rain and river pools, public gardens, cesspits, private public building, water kiosk houses, zaraib (dairy farms) and sewers. The dryness (95.3% - 93.8%) applied in agricultural schemes, the repairing of broken pipes (18.9% - 13.5%), and the repairing of cisterns (0% - 85.9%) and the demolishing of construction ponds (34% - 95%), during (2004 – 2005) frequently led to the reduction of mosquito breeding sites in Khartoum State (11.4% - 8.5%) & (2.7% – 2.7%) & (0.7% - 0.7%) & (1.7% - 2.7%) respectively.
Environmental Management,Malaria Vector Control