Socioeconomic Evaluation of Land use systems in deforested Areas, the Case of Singa locality, Sinnar State, Sudan

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Date
2015-04-21
Authors
Elamin, Elsadig
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Publisher
UOFK
Abstract
The main objective of this study is to identify a socio- economically feasible and acceptable land use system (s) in the study area as part of a concerted effort to maintain the goal of sustainable development of land-based resources. Specific objectives are to: a) Identify the current systems adopted and the extent of their adoption and whether these systems indicate a change of land-use; b) Investigate perception of land users about causes and impacts (benefits/costs) of deforestation as well as their suggested solutions, the aim is to make use of indigenous knowledge in the decision making process, and whether these perceptions agree with those usually cited in literature; c) Estimate and compare the financial net returns of the different land-use alternatives to investigate the desirability from this point of view and as one indication of land–use system's sustainability and as a guide to policy intervention. Data was collected through a social survey using stratified sampling. The results of this study indicates that the area was subjected to a large scale deforestation and land use conversion to agricultural cropping (mainly Sorghum and Sesame) mostly between 1970s and 1980s, resulting in 76% of holdings being converted from forests & woodlands. About 81% of the currently managed lands by respondents are pure agricultural crops completely devoid of trees, mechanized rain-fed farming (MRF) was found to be the most farming system responsible for such deforestation compared to the traditional rain-fed farming (TRF) and irrigated schemes. Only 11% of respondents adopted a traditional agroforestry “crops with trees” system, which was found the highest ranking among other systems as regard to crop productivity and net returns to farmers. The results also indicate that many respondents are aware of the consequences of deforestation and have suggested solutions. Need for extension and incentives were indicated as essentials to manage their lands sustainably and reverse land degradation. The study arrived to important policy implications that will aid in deciding on measures for sustainable land use planning in the futur
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Keywords
Socioeconomic,Evaluation,Land use,systems,deforested,Area
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