A study of some of the factors relating to contraceptives use at Soba Family Planning Clinic, Soba University Hospital, 31st Jul. to 31st Octo. 2002

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Izzeldin, Tarig
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This is a descriptive cross-sectional facility based study, meant to describe the demographic characteristics of the contraceptive acceptors, investigate their medical history, to identify their fears and convictions and to determine their contraceptive method of choice. A total of 165 acceptors were covered by the study. A detailed questionnaire was designed for this purpose. In the study 56.36% of the sample were at the age group 20 -29. 22% were Kawahla tribe, 15.8% Alarakeen, 14% Galeen and the rest were Shaigia, Hadandawa, Bija, fowr, Hamar and Halfawieen. Most of their husbands were Kwahla 19%, Galeen 18.8% and Arakeen 10.9%. 81.2% of the study sample were housewives, 60% were from rural areas, 63.65% received higher secondary education and above. 85.46% had a family monthly income of less than 60,000 Sudanese Dinars. The study showed that, 50.92% of the sample had 3-6 children and 10.91% had more than 6 children. About 7.27% had medical history of jaundice, 3.64% were diabetic, 1.82% were hypertensive, 1.82% had cardiac disease, 9.1% had other medical history and 76.36% had no medical history. The study revealed that, 12.73% of the acceptors had health fears (menstrual disorders, other side effect and inability to conceive quickly after stopping use of contraceptives), 1.82% had social fears (husband objection) and the rest of the sample had no fears from use of contraceptives. 36.36% of the acceptors were convinced to use contraceptives due to social reasons (spacing and have enough children), 34.55% for health reasons (medical disease with pregnancy like PIH, caeserean section, and for mother and child health wellbeing), 23.64% had economic, health and social reasons, 3.64% had economic reasons and 1.82% were not convinced. The study showed that 65.46% of acceptors preferred to use pills, 14.55% injectable contraceptive, 10.91% IUD, 1.82% barrier methods and 7.27% had no preferable method. The study recommendations are encourage used of contraceptives through small designed, focused information, education and communication program. Strengthening of the primary health care, family planning units, especially in poor rural areas. Activate the women empowerment programm like illiteracy alleviation and income generating projects. Encourage private sector and non-governmental organization to become a real stock holder in the Family Planning Programs
contraceptives,socioeconomic factors,demographic,Injectables,Female sterilization