Abdella, Gamma, the Tribal System and its Role in the Maintenance of Security, Administration, Reconciliation and the Judiciary,

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Abdelslam, Mohamed
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• This conference paper highlights that many legislations were issued entrusted tribal leaders with some judicial powers such as the 1922 Chiefs Powers Act (enacted on 12/06/1022) and 1927 Local Government Act. The main reason behind enactment of these laws is that the 1924 National Revolution in Sudan has caused the British colonial administration to create, as a matter of urgency, an alliance and support native administration so as to pre-empt any alliance between native administration with the growing nationalist movement in Sudan against the colonial rule. The 1951 Local Government Council Act was also issued to realize the aforementioned purpose. • The author has argued that one of the main advantages of native administration is that it is regarded as a cheap policing entity with deep knowledge of the society’s customs and traditions in a vast country such as Sudan. The author, however, has argued that the tribal system is waning gradually and tribal 'elites' have only maintained public relations and their legitimacy confined to consultative roles rather than having an effective power. As a result, the author argues that the tribal system shall be revisited and reviewed. A special focus was also given to judicial role of native courts which perform judicial duties under the supervision of the formal judiciary. The author also questioned the dual role played by native administration which combines both administrative and judicial roles.
This paper had been presented for promotion at the university of Khartoum. To get the full text please contact the other at Babiker69@hotmail.com
Tribal System, Role, Maintenance,Security, Administration, Reconciliation, Judiciary,